There are ‘n’ points in a plane, out of which ‘m’ points are co-linear. Find the number of triangles formed by the points as vertices ?
Input : n = 5, m = 4 Output : 6 Out of five points, four points are collinear, we can make 6 triangles. We can choose any 2 points from 4 collinear points and use the single point as 3rd point. So total count is 4C2 = 6 Input : n = 10, m = 4 Output : 116
Number of triangles = nC3 – mC3
How does this formula work?
Consider the second example above. There are 10 points, out of which 4 collinear. A triangle will be formed by any three of these ten points. Thus forming a triangle amounts to selecting any three of the 10 points. Three points can be selected out of the 10 points in nC3 ways.
Number of triangles formed by 10 points when no 3 of them are co-linear = 10C3……(i)
Similarly, the number of triangles formed by 4 points when no 3 of them are co-linear = 4C3……..(ii)
Since triangle formed by these 4 points are not valid, required number of triangles formed = 10C3 – 4C3 = 120 – 4 = 116
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